Technical textiles

Jun 14, 2024

Current Affair 1:


News: Ministry of Textiles approved Startups in Technical Textiles to boost innovation and sustainability and to foster transformative developments that will shape the industry's future.

Technical textiles are defined as textile materials and products used primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics.

Other terms used for defining technical textiles include industrial textiles, functional textiles, performance textiles, engineering textiles, invisible textiles, and hi-tech textiles.

Technical textiles are used individually or as a component/part of another product.

  1. Technical textiles are used individually to satisfy specific functions such as fire-retardant fabric for uniforms of firemen and coated fabric to be used as awnings.
  2. As a component or part of another product, they are used to enhance the strength, performance or other functional properties of that product.

Technical textiles have been slowly but steadily gaining ground due to one or more of the reasons such as: functional requirement, health & safety; cost effectiveness; durability; high strength; light weight; versatility; customization; user friendliness; eco friendliness; logistical convenience etc.

Unlike conventional textiles used traditionally for clothing or furnishing, technical textiles are used basically on account of their specific physical and functional properties and mostly by other user industries.

With a view to position the country as a global leader in Technical Textiles, National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM) has been approved with a four-year implementation period from FY 2020-21 to 2023-24.

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