Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2021
Current Affair 1:
New Development Bank (NDB).
New Development Bank has approved infrastructure projects worth 741 million dollars in India.
So, we will learn about this Bank.
How it was formed?
Does each member have equal voting rights and shareholding? Yes. It is different from World Bank, which assigns votes based on capital share.
The headquarters of the Bank shall be located in Shanghai.
The New Development Bank (NDB) is a multilateral development bank (MDB) established by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) with the objective of financing infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies and developing countries.
In 2018, the NDB received observer status in the United Nations General Assembly, establishing a firm basis for active and fruitful cooperation with the UN.
Current Affair 2:
Precision agriculture (PA)
Precision agriculture (PA) is an approach to farm management that uses information technology (IT) to ensure that the crops and soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity. The goal of PA is to ensure profitability, sustainability and protection of the environment. PA is also known as satellite agriculture, as-needed farming and site-specific crop management (SSCM).
A key component of this farm management approach is the use of information technology and a wide array of items such as GPS guidance, control systems, sensors, robotics, drones, autonomous vehicles, variable rate technology, GPS-based soil sampling, automated hardware, telematics, and software.
Why Precision Farming is important for farmers in India?
In India, one major problem is the small field size. More than 58 per cent of operational holdings in the country have size less than one hectare (ha).
Only in the states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Gujarat do more than 20 per cent of agricultural lands have an operational holding size of more than four ha. Commercial as well as horticultural crops also show a wider scope for PA in the cooperative farms. So., we need more yields from less space.
Precision farming is an approach where inputs are utilized in precise amounts to get increased average yields, compared to traditional cultivation techniques.
Current Affair 3:
What is mention in Constitution about Delimitation?
Article 82 of Indian Constitution provides for delimitation and it says: Upon the completion of each census, the allocation of seats in the House of the people to the States and the division of each State into territorial constituencies shall be readjusted by such authority and in such manner as Parliament may by law determine.
As per Article 82, Parliament by law enacted a Delimitation Act after every census. Once the Act comes into force, the Central Government constitutes a Delimitation Commission.
Therefore, Delimitation Commission have been constituted four times since independence:
- In 1952 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1952
- In 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962
- In 1973 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1972
- In 2002 under Delimitation Commission Act, 2002
What is the composition of the Delimitation Commission?
<< Previous Next >>