Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2022
Current Affair 1:
Financial intermediary fund (FIF) for pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response (PPR)
The new financial intermediary fund (FIF) for pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response (PPR) was officially established by the FIF Governing Board at its inaugural meeting from 8-9 September 2022.
The fund will provide a dedicated stream of additional, long-term financing to strengthen PPR capabilities in low- and middle-income countries and address critical gaps through investments and technical support at the national, regional, and global levels.
The fund’s establishment follows approval by the World Bank’s Board of Directors on June 30, 2022. The World Bank will serve as the FIF’s trustee and host the Secretariat.
Current Affair 2:
2022 survey results of ‘Mental Health and Well-being of School Students’
One of the many things that are rarely focussed on in the education system is mental health and its importance.
In light of this, the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 focuses on the mental health and well-being of the students. It highlights the pressing need for ensuring effective cognitive development coupled with developing holistic and well-rounded individuals.
Read a small introduction,
‘Manodarpan’, an initiative of the Ministry of Education (MoE) as a part of Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan is aimed at offering psychosocial help to students, instructors and families for intellectual fitness and emotional health for the duration of the instances of COVID-19 and beyond.
Just have a look at all images given below once. Have a rough idea. No need to remember every data.
To provide a comprehensive understanding on different aspects of students’ mental health, the findings are reported under the following themes:
It is further suggested that emotional literacy should be the focus and integrated in all aspects of schools’ functioning (formal and informal activities, curriculum, teaching-learning, interactions and evaluations, etc.).
Emotional literacy is a concept underlying an individual's understanding of emotions. Emotional literacy is the ability to express our emotions and feelings using speech and other forms of communication.
Some recommendations made in this regard are:
- Adequately preparing teachers for the emotional well-being of their students.
- Emotional literacy should be a key focus and should be integrated into all aspects of the school’s functioning.
- Schools must create enabling conditions for care, empathy, and inclusive practices. A significant overhaul is required in schools’ overall ethos, & practices of interpersonal interactions within the school.
Current Affair 3:
The potential of Kashmir’s springs for climate resilience
Astan Nag is one of the 258 springs in the Kashmir valley that have been sampled by scientists at the Department of Environmental Science, the University of Kashmir, in a new study.
According to their 2022 study, 87% of the springs have excellent to good water quality and can be used for drinking without any treatment, besides other domestic use.
However, the study also points out that human-induced activities such as “large-scale land use changes, massive deforestation in catchment areas, and infrastructural development besides climate change” threaten the springs in the valley. The authors recommend that spring water sources in the Kashmir valley should be monitored and assessed continuously for “proper management of these indispensable natural resources in the context of climate change.”
The scientists tested the water quality of 258 springs from the Kashmir valley. The results show that 39.5% of the springs have excellent water quality, 47.7% have good water, 5% have poor water, 1.6% have very-poor water, and 6.2% of the springs have water totally unfit for drinking purposes.
Due to the mixing of inorganic fertilisers and residential sewage, some springs were found to be acidic. According to the analysis, high levels of sulphates and nitrates in the spring waters pointed to soil and agricultural field runoff, septic tank leaks, surface drain leaks, and domestic sewage polluting the water.
Furthermore, the study also revealed that rising sodium and potassium levels in the springs in Kupwara region are a sign of increasing human activity. The potential secondary causes of higher potassium concentrations along the central and southern coasts are soil modifications brought on by horticultural and agricultural practices.
Current Affair 4:
What is Project 17A of the Indian Navy?
In a major feat for the marine defence system, the Indian Navy on Sunday decided to launch its third Nilgiri-class guided-missile frigate, called ‘Taragiri’. The Taragiri frigate was constructed by Mazgaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL)
Project 17 Alpha frigates (P-17A) were launched by the Indian Navy in 2019. The project was launched by the defence forces of India to construct a series of stealth guided-missile frigates, which are currently being constructed
These guided-missile frigates have been constructed with a specific stealth design, which has radar-absorbent coatings and is low-observable which can make its approach undetectable for the enemies. The new technology also reduces the infrared signals of the ship.
The first stealth ship launched under Project 17A was the Nilgiri, which was launched in 2019 and is expected to be commissioned in the Indian Navy by the end of this year. Udaygiri, the second ship, was launched in May 2022, and will likely be commissioned in 2024.
Further, 75% of the orders of the Project 17A have been placed on indigenous firms including MSMEs, thus reinforcing the country’s quest for ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’.
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