Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2022

Oct 11, 2022

Current Affair 1:
Committee on World Food Security


Learn about this Committee in detail.

CFS receives its core funding equally from The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and The World Food Programme (WFP).

The membership of the Committee is open to all Members of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) or The World Food Programme (WFP) and non-Members of FAO that are Member States of the United Nations.

As of October 2022, CFS is composed of 137 Members. India is a member.

The CFS has a permanent Secretariat which includes staff from FAO,  IFAD and  WFP.  It is hosted at FAO in Rome.


Current Affair 2:




Current Affair 3:
PM-DevINE Scheme


The new Scheme, PRIME MINISTER’S DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE FOR NORTH-EASTREGION (PM-DEVINE), was announced in the Union Budget 2022-23 to address development gaps in the North Eastern Region (NER). Announcement of PM-DevINE is yet another instance of the importance being attached to the development of NE Region by the Government.

PM-DevINE is an additionality to the quantum of resources available for the development of the NER. It will not be a substitute for existing Central and State Schemes.

PMDevINE will be implemented by Ministry of DoNER through North Eastern Council or Central Ministries/ agencies. Measures would be taken to ensure adequate operation and maintenance of the projects sanctioned under PMDevINE so that they are sustainable.

An Empowered Committee under chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of DoNER has been formed.

The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) Meeting, chaired by Union Finance Secretary, held on 28.6.2022 appraised and recommended the PMDevINE Scheme  with 100% Central funding, with an outlay of Rs. 6,600 crores for the 4-year period from 2022-23 to 2025-26 (remaining years of 15th Finance Commission period).


Current Affair 4:
Atmospheric-pressure hydrogen-free low-carbon desulphurization process for crude oil and refinery streams



Crude oil and many petroleum refining streams contain Sulphur-Containing Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds (SCHAC), which are responsible for the corrosion of assets, poor fuel quality, health issues, and environmental problems.

Refinery streams like petrol, diesel, jet fuel, kerosene and fuel oil therefore need to be treated for sulphur reduction before its final end-use. Conventionally, such treatment involves expensive, high-pressure hydrogen, high-temperature operations and significant capital investment, and also substantial associated net greenhouse emissions (carbon footprint) for effecting the necessary desulphurization.

To address this, a novel single-step hydrogen-free desulphurization process has been developed by CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP)

Crude oil from various sources, and sulphur-containing streams from several refineries in India, have been tested; up to 90 percent of the sulphur content, depending on the specific nature of the stream being treated, can be removed by the process. The transformed sulphur compounds produced from the SCHAC components by the CSIR-IIP process are easily separable from the de-sulfurized crudes or other refinery streams via simple filtration process, and offer promise in bulk applications like road construction and coatings.

The facile, inexpensive process offers a potentially transformative low-carbon desulfurization solution for bulk processing of petroleum streams at ambient pressures and mild temperatures. 

It has the potential to change the existing desulfurization configuration of crude oil and refinery streams in a cost-effective manner without the use of expensive hydrogen, especially for marine and industrial heating applications.


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