Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2020

Jul 02, 2020

Current Affair 1:
State of the World Population 2020: UNFPA

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Recently, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has released the State of the World Population 2020 report, titled ‘Against my will: defying the practices that harm women and girls and undermine equality’.

It highlights at least 19 human rights violations against women and focuses on the three most prevalent ones, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), extreme bias against daughters, in favour of sons and child marriage.

We will see all what reports talk about India: Just see images. Nothing to memorize.

China and India—together account for about 90 per cent to 95 per cent of the estimated 1.2 million to 1.5 million missing female births annually worldwide due to gender-biased (prenatal) sex selection.

We will see now United Nations Population Fund.

UNFPA is the United Nations sexual and reproductive health agency. Its mission is to deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled.  The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was established as a trust fund in 1967 and began operations in 1969. In 1987, it was officially renamed the United Nations Population Fund, reflecting its lead role in the United Nations system in the area of population.

UNFPA is not supported by the UN budget, instead, all UNFPA funding is voluntary. UNFPA mobilizes financial resources from governments and other partners to support programmes that aim to achieve the "three zeros" – zero unmet need for family planning, zero preventable maternal deaths, and zero harmful practices and gender-based violence – and accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

Current Affair 2:
National Mission of Clean Ganga.

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Recently, the World Bank has approved a five- year loan (for the second phase) to the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange Project worth Rs.3,000 crore to help stem pollution in the Ganga river basin.

After you read this, please make sure whenever you see this Mission again, you will remember all the points we are going to mention now. Don’t start learning from new source again. This is a big problem when you read so many things again and again.

Ok. Before proceeding: Ministry of Jal Shakti is a ministry under Government of India which was formed in May 2019. This was formed by merging of two ministries: Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. So, in explanation given below, replace given ministry by Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Read Now.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986.

But, NGRBA has since been dissolved, consequent to constitution of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council).

So, from now,

National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga = National Ganga Council).  NO CONFUSION.

So, now we will study National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga. We go through all provisions of the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.  See below. Everything will be clear.


Function of Empowered Committee: The Empowered Task Force on River Ganga shall co-ordinate and advise on matters relating to rejuvenation, protection and management of River Ganga and its tributaries.

There are also provisions of State Ganga Committees and District Ganga Committees in every specified district.

Current Affair 3:
Eight Core sectors output declines

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Nationwide lockdown catapults eight core output to contract by 23.4% YoY in May 2020.

The eight- core industrial output contracted by 23.4% YoY in May 2020 slower than the decline in growth of 37% YoY seen in the previous month. The nationwide lockdown during April and May 2020 to control the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, various industries experienced loss in production. Cement, steel, coal, and refinery and crude oil sectors were among the worst-hit sectors. The fertilizer sector alone registered positive growth in May.

The performance of Eight Core Industries will keep on fluctuating, but few important things we have to always remember. See below.

  1. The data on production of eight core industries of India is published monthly by the Office of Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  2. The current base year for the index of the series is 2011-12=100.
  3. The eight core industries included are- Coal, Crude oil, Natural Gas, Petroleum refinery products, Fertilizer, Cement, Steel, and Electricity generation.
  4. These eight industries comprise 40.27% of the weight of the items included in the Index of Industrial Production.

See the weightage of all 8 sectors, which is highest and lowest. Have rough idea about growth of sectors. If it takes time, give time. These small things help in Prelims mostly when we have to eliminate options.

Current Affair 4:
United Nations Committee on World Food Security’s High-Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE).

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The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has brought global hunger — and the need to address it urgently — under scrutiny. United Nations Committee on World Food Security’s High- Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) has published a report on June 25, 2020:

The committee called for sustainable food systems to ensure the availability and access of sufficient food to all, but particularly the poor and marginalized; agency for all people and groups; and stability in the face of shocks and crises.

The committee identified actions that governments needed to take eliminate hunger by 2030. Some of them are:


We will learn about this committee.


Current Affair 5:
Two New Species of Butterfly

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Recently, the lepidopterists have discovered the two new species of butterfly i.e. Striped Hairstreak and Elusive Prince in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh.

The Striped Hairstreak was located in Vijaynagar bordering Myanmar while the Elusive Prince was found in Miao on the periphery of the Namdapha National Park.

CFS receives its core funding equally from The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and The World Food Programme (WFP).

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