Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2022

Dec 21, 2022

Current Affair 1:
Constitution of Committee for merger of SACON and WII


Just a small information.

About SACON:

The Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) is a national centre for information, education and research in ornithology and natural history in India. It was inspired by and named in honour of Salim Ali, the leading pioneer of ornithology in India.

It is an autonomous organisation established in 1990 as a public- NGO partnership between the MoEF&CC, and the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) under the Centre of Excellence Scheme and registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act.

Its headquarters are at Anaikatti, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Current Affair 2:
Arctic Report Card 2022


The information I have pasted below is more than enough.

Current Affair 3:
Tropical Forest Alliance


Read basics needed for exam.

The Tropical Forest Alliance is governed by a Steering Committee composed of a subset of our official Partners. Its operations are supported by a Secretariat (hosted by the World Economic Forum) and its four regional teams:

Latin America (Brazil, Peru and Colombia), Southeast Asia (Jakarta, Indonesia), Asia (Beijing, China) and West Africa (Côte d'Ivoire). NOT INDIA HERE.

The Tropical Forest Alliance was founded in 2012 at Rio+20 after the Consumer Goods Forum (CGF) committed to zero net deforestation by 2020 for palm oil, soy, beef, and paper and pulp supply chains in 2010. The CGF partnered with the US government to create the public-private alliance with the mission of mobilizing all actors to collaborate in reducing commodity-driven tropical deforestation.



Current Affair 4:
Shrinking Himalayan Glaciers Threaten Chinese and Indian Energy Transitions


A recent study on the state of a glacier on the south-eastern Tibetan Plateau found that the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is warming at almost double the global average rate.

Rivers originating from Hindu Kush Himalayan glaciers are a significant source of water and energy in 10 countries, including China, India, Pakistan and Nepal. Hydropower generated from these rivers is an important part of many countries’ ambitions to become carbon neutral.

This raises questions about the region’s long-term water supply and the risk of flooding from more meltwater run-off and has implications for the many dams planned in the Yarlung Tsangpo-Brahmaputra River basin.

The Tibetan Plateau’s glaciers feed a major, 2,880 km, river system. The Yarlung Tsangpo, which originates here, runs from this high elevation, with a heavy load of fertile soil, through India as the Brahmaputra and then into Bangladesh as the Jamuna.

China and India are the largest hydropower producers in Asia, but the former dwarfs the latter. In 2021, China generated around 1,300 terawatt hours of electricity from hydropower and India one-tenth of that.

Why Yarlung Tsangpo-Brahmaputra basin is important?

According to a model developed by China’s National Development and Reform Commission, to achieve carbon neutrality the country’s electricity production will double to 14,800 terawatt hours by 2050, of which 14% will be generated from hydropower. India, meanwhile, has the largest hydropower pipeline in the world. By 2032, it plans to grow its current 52 gigawatts of hydropower capacity by nearly 200% with the addition of projects with a combined capacity of 91 GW.


Thus, for both countries, harnessing the energy of the Yarlung Tsangpo-Brahmaputra is very important.

So, China has proposed few projects:

construction of the 7.9 billion yuan ($1.2 billion), 510 MW Zangmu hydroelectric power station, which became operational in 2015.

China approved three more hydropower projects: Dagu (640 MW), Jiacha (320 MW) and Jiexu (560 MW).

India fears that water availability could be affected in its northeastern states; Zangmu, one of the world’s highest hydropower stations, will be dwarfed once the construction of Dagu is complete.

In May, India announced plans to build the country’s second-largest dam with a storage capacity of 10 billion cubic metres of water at Yingkiong.

In Arunachal Pradesh alone, hydropower projects with a capacity of 1,115 MW are in operation, with projects of 2,000 MW capacity under construction as of October 2021. One of these proposed dams, Etalin, will be the largest in India if built.

Both countries need to set some dialogue. You don’t wait for that. Just move to next CA.

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