Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023

Feb 14, 2023

Current Affair 1:



Why is in news ?


Recently various electronic companies are showing their interest in MicroLED (mLED or pLED) display technology.microLED displays comprise several microscopic LEDs, which self-illuminate per display pixel- just like an OLED (Organic LED) panel does.

What are  microLED displays  ?


MicroLED technology is based on the use of sapphires, which are known for their ability to shine on their own indefinitely. The technology involves the use of tiny light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that are packed tightly together to create a bright and high-quality display. Unlike OLED displays, microLED displays use inorganic material such as gallium nitride.A microLED is as small as cutting a centimetre of hair into 200 smaller pieces. Each of these microLEDs are semiconductors that receive electric signals.Once these microLEDs are gathered, they form a module. Several modules are then combined to form screens.





Current Affair 2:
Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV-D2)




Why in news?



The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched the second edition of the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV-D2) from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan space centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.


What is small satellite launch vehicle?

The new vehicle was developed to capture the emerging small and microsatellite commercial market.The SSLV caters to the launch of up to 500 kg satellites to low earth orbits on a ‘launch-on-demand' basis.The launch vehicle uses three solid stages followed by a liquid-fuel-based Velocity Trimming Module (VTM) to place satellites in orbit .The rocket provides low-cost access to space, offers low turn-around time and flexibility in accommodating multiple satellites, and demands minimal launch infrastructure.

It placed the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) earth observation satellite EOS-O7 and two co- passenger satellites — Janus-1 and AzaadiSat2


What is Janus-1?


 Janus-1 is a technology demonstrator satellite built by United States-based Antaris and its Indian partners XDLinks and Ananth Technologies. |t weighs only 10.2 kg and is a six-unit cube satellite with five payloads on board — two from Singapore, and one each from Kenya, Australia, and Indonesia.


What is AzaadiSat2?


The payloads have been built by 750 girl students from across India. The payloads include: LoRa amateur radio, a sensor to measure radiation levels in space, and sensors to measure the health of the satellite such as temperature, reset count, and inertial data.


Current Affair 3:



Why in news?


Recently,With 2.4 crore enrolments, government-run SWAYAM has outperformed any other e-Learning platform.


What is SWAYAM  ?

SWAYAM is a repository of more than 300 high quality Massive Open Online Courses

(MOOC) that are developed by academicians  from top ranked institutions and are

offered free of cost.




A learning system based on formalised teaching but with help of electronic resources is known as E-learning. India is one of the biggest market for e-learning with revenue projected to reach USS 4.73bn in 2023.

Factors driving eLearning platform

COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated adoption of online learning. Demand for remote and flexible learning options. Advancements in technology and growing trend towards personalized and adaptive learning.

Challenges faced: Ensuring quality and accuracy of content, Digital divide, unequal access to technology and internet connectivity etc.

Key initiatives to promote e-learning

 E-Pathshala: Provides E-textbooks with 3500+ curriculum content in English, Urdu and Hindi.

Education 4.0 India initiative: To address learning gaps and make education



Current Affair 4:
Article 105



Why in news?


Recently,’ Protesting against expunction of parts of his speech, Leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha cited Article 105 arguing that MPs have freedom of speech.


What is Article 105 ?


Article 105 deals with “powers, privileges, etc of Houses of Parliament and of members and committees thereof”.

They are necessary to secure independence and effectiveness of their actions. Without these privileges, Houses can neither maintain their authority, dignity and honour nor can protect their members from any obstruction in discharge of their parliamentary responsibilities.


Parliamentary privileges can be classified into two broad categories:

 Those enjoyed by each House collectively and those enjoyed by members individually.

 Parliament has not made any special law to exhaustively codify all privileges.

These rights are also given to those individuals who speak and participate in any committee of Parliament, which includes Attorney General of India and Union Ministers.

However, parliamentary privileges do not extend to President.


Supreme Court in Tej Kiran Jain v N Sanjiva Reddy (1970) and P V Narasimha Rao vs. State case (1998) gave a wider ambit to protection accorded under Article 105.


Current Affair 5:
Index of Industrial Production



Why in news?

India’s industrial output growth moderated to 4.3% in December 2022 from 7.3% in November.


What is Index of Industrial Production(IIP) ?



The Index of Industrial Production(IIP) is a composite indicator that measures the changes in the volume of production of industrial products during a given period.

It is compiled and published monthly by the National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.Base Year for IIP: 2011-2012.

Classification of Industrial Sectors:

Broad sectors: Mining, Manufacturing, and Electricity.

Use-based sectors: Basic Goods, Capital Goods, and Intermediate Goods.

Uses: It is used by government agencies including the Ministry of Finance, the Reserve Bank of India, etc, for policy-making purposes.

Eight Core Sectors comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

The eight core sector industries in decreasing order of their weightage: Refinery Products> Electricity> Steel> Coal> Crude Oil> Natural Gas> Cement> Fertilizers.




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