Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023

Sep 29, 2023

Current Affair 1:
DNA Nanoball Strategy



In a remarkable scientific development, the Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) nanoball strategy has emerged as a groundbreaking, cost-effective technology for the rapid detection of pathogens in the field.

A new diagnostic method uses nucleic acids (like DNA) to quickly identify harmful microorganisms, or pathogens, in the field. This technology, called "loop-mediated isothermal amplification," forms tiny balls from the DNA of the pathogens. These nanoballs can be detected through electrical signals.

  1. The DNA nanoball strategy combines nucleic acids-based diagnostics and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technology for rapid pathogen detection.

  1. LAMP is a process that amplifies circular DNA molecules into long strands that contain multiple copies of DNA.
  2. These strands then fold into spherical structures called DNA nanoballs, which can be easily observed by a microscope or an electrical device.
  3. The design does not need laboratory techniques to support diagnosis.
  4. It is a low-cost technology that can be widely deployed and scalable.

Current Affair 2:
The Liptako-Gourma Charter



The Liptako-Gourma Charter establishes the Alliance of Sahel States (AES). It is between Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger.

Its aim is to establish an architecture of collective defence and mutual assistance for the benefit of our populations.

The Liptako-Gourma region — where the Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger borders meet — has been ravaged by jihadism in recent years.

This alliance will be a combination of military and economic efforts between the three countries.

The priority is the fight against terrorism in the three countries.

Current Affair 3:
World Coffee Conference 2023.


Every four to five years, the International Coffee Organization holds a high-level World Coffee Conference to enable discussion around critical topics for the global coffee sector. The first four Conferences took place in the United Kingdom (2001), Brazil (2005), Guatemala (2010), and Ethiopia (2016).

The World Coffee Conference & Expo arrives for the first time in Asia in the Indian city of Bengaluru. The 5th edition of this global congregation is scheduled from September 25 - 28, 2023.


The International Coffee Organization (ICO) was established in 1963 under the aegis of the United Nations and following the approval of the first International Coffee Agreement in 1962. The ICO is the only intergovernmental organization for coffee, bringing together exporting and importing Governments. It currently represents 93% of world coffee production and 63% of world consumption. India is a member.

Statistics on Coffee in India:

Karnataka and Kerala are the major producers:

Current Affair 4:
Balsams (genus Impatiens)



  1. Balsam is locally called as Kasithumba and Onappovu.

  1. It is known as ‘touch-me-not’ because of the bursting of mature seeds and seed distribution.
  2. They are commonly known by different names including balsams, touch me not, jewel weed etc.
  3. It is distributed in the tropical, sub-tropical and northern temperate regions of the world.
  4. It is found mainly in India, China and Africa and some parts of Europe and North America.
  5. India is home to 220 balsam species in which 135 are found in the southern Western Ghats.
  6. Anamudi, the highest mountain in the Western Ghats, and the surrounding high ranges are known for the diversity of wild balsams.



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