Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023
Current Affair 1:
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994
Read about few provisions of the Act.
The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 is an Act of the Parliament of India that was enacted to stop female foeticides and arrest the declining sex ratio in India. The act banned prenatal sex determination.
Any person who puts an advertisement for pre-natal and pre-conception sex determination facilities in the form of a notice, circular, label, wrapper or any document, or advertises through interior or other media in electronic or print form or engages in any visible representation made by means of hoarding, wall painting, signal, light, sound, can be imprisoned for up to three years and fined Rs. 10,000.
Current Affair 2:
Fast Radio Bursts
Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are intense blasts of radio waves that can emit as much energy as the sun puts out in three days — but in just thousandths of a second.
Since the first FRB was discovered in 2007, 140 more were discovered until June 2021.
The INTENSITY flash of radio waves suggests powerful objects like black holes and neutron stars could be involved, with highly dense bodies such as magnetars and pulsars as likely culprits.
The events were once considered to be largely transient – they seemed to happen once, without obvious signs of a repeat emission. In fact, it was only in 2016 that astronomers found any evidence of multiple bursts from the same source.
Current Affair 3:
Fundamental Duties Statutes
It was by the 42nd amendment in 1976 that the 'Fundamental Duties' part was incorporated in our Constitution. The concept of fundamental duties was taken from the 1936 USSR Constitution, following the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee.
The new Part IV-A consisted of a single Article i.e., 51-A and laid down ten fundamental duties for citizens. Later, by the 86th Constitutional amendment of 2002, an eleventh duty was added.
As already mentioned, the constitution itself does not prescribe a legal sanction against the breach or the non-performance of a Fundamental Duty in Part IV-A of the constitution. It doesn't even ask the state to make laws in conformity of the fundamental duties.
Under the Constitution, neither is there a provision that enforces fundamental duties nor is there any specific prohibition to their enforcement. Nevertheless, the legislature has incorporated some fundamental duties in certain statutes. These statutes lay down frameworks for enforcement of duties and set sanctions in the event of a failure to adhere with the prescription of the law.
A table of some fundamental duties which are backed by statutory frameworks is given here under:
Current Affair 4:
Committee on World Food Security
Learn about this Committee in detail.
CFS receives its core funding equally from The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and The World Food Programme (WFP).
The membership of the Committee is open to all Members of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) or The World Food Programme (WFP) and non-Members of FAO that are Member States of the United Nations.
As of October 2022, CFS is composed of 137 Members. India is a member.
The CFS has a permanent Secretariat which includes staff from FAO, IFAD and WFP. It is hosted at FAO in Rome.
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