Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023
Current Affair 1:
National Cadet Corps
Recently, the National Cadet Corps (NCC) celebrated its 75th Anniversary on November 26, 2023.
The National Cadets Corps came into existence under the National Cadet Corps Act XXXI of 1948 (passed in April, 1948; came into existence on 16th July, 1948).
What is/are the Aim(s) of NCC?
- To develop character, commandership, discipline, leadership, secular outlook, spirit of adventure and the ideals of selfless service amongst the youth of the country.
- To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivate youth to provide leadership in all walks of life and always available for the service of the nation.
- To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.
MOTTO of NCC
“Unity and Discipline” as motto for the NCC was taken in the 12th CAC meeting held on 12 Oct 1980.
It is headed by the Director General (DG), an Army officer of the rank of Lieutenant General.
Current Affair 2:
Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC)
The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, is organizing the 19th Working Party on Data Collection and Statistics (WPDCS19) of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) from 28th November to 2nd December 2023.
The IOTC was established in 1993 at the 105th Session of the Council of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) is an intergovernmental organisation responsible for the management of tuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean.
It works to achieve this by promoting cooperation among its Contracting Parties (Members) and Cooperating Non-Contracting Parties in order to ensure the conservation and appropriate utilization of fish stocks and encouraging the sustainable development of fisheries.
Membership of IOTC is open to Indian Ocean coastal countries and to countries or regional economic integration organisations which are members of the UN or one of its specialised agencies, and are fishing for tuna in the Indian Ocean. There are currently 30 Contracting Parties (Members), the majority of which are Nation States.
India is a member.
In addition to being a full Member, States with a real interest in the Indian Ocean fisheries of tuna and tuna-like species can participate in the IOTC process as a Cooperating Non-Contracting Party (CNCP).
Current Affair 3:
What is fibre optic cables?
Optical fibres are made of thin cylindrical strands of glass. The diameter of a typical fibre is close to the diameter of a human hair. These fibres can carry information, such as text, images, voices, videos, telephone calls, and anything that can be encoded as digital information, across large distances almost at the speed of light.
Ultra-thin fibres seem very fragile. But when manufactured correctly as a long thread surrounded by protectives, they serve the purpose in a durable way. They are strong, light, and flexible, and ideal to be buried underground, drawn underwater, or bent around a spool.
It relies on total internal reflection to guide light through the glass strands, allowing signals to travel across significant distances with minimal loss of optical power.
How fiber optic cables work, below are the 3 basic steps to how a transmission is sent via fiber;
- An optical signal is created using a transmitter
- The signal is relayed via the fiber, ensuring the signal is not distorted or diminished
- The signal is received and converted into an electrical signal
Fiber technology can be used for voice, (phones) and data (Internet and TV). It provides the following advantages over copper wire or cable-based communications;
- Lower attenuation – the loss of intensity of any kind of physical property through a medium. (For example, the signal strength over the optical fiber).
- Less interference – electromagnetic interference effects an electrical circuit. This may interrupt, obstruct, degrade, or limit a circuit’s performance. These effects may range from data limitation to total loss of data.
If you want to lean more, how it works, go to this link: https://youtu.be/0MwMkBET_5I
Current Affair 4:
Amplifi 2.0 (Assessment and Monitoring Platform for Liveable, Inclusive and Future-ready urban India)
The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched the Amplifi 2.0 portal to provide raw data from Indian cities on a single platform for academics, researchers, and stakeholders, aiming to support data-driven policymaking.
Why it was needed?
The website provides data on a range of information for several cities, including, for example, the total diesel consumption; the number of samples tested for water quality; the average annual expenditure on healthcare; the total number of people residing in slums; the fatalities recorded due to road accidents.
Earlier, the Ministry used data provided by ULBs to rank cities based on four indices — the Ease of Living Index, Municipal Performance Index, Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework, and Data Maturity Assessment Framework.
The initiative aims to harness data for informed urban policy decisions and planning.
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