Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2024

Feb 20, 2024

Current Affair 1:
International Mother Language Day 



The theme of International Mother Language Day celebration 2024 is “Multilingual education is a pillar of intergenerational learning”. 

Education in Mother Tongue in India: Few examples. 

Section 29(f) of Chapter V under Right to Education Act, 2009 clearly states that, “medium of instructions shall, as far as practicable, be in child’s mother tongue.” 


Education is in the concurrent list of the Constitution and majority of the schools are under the domain of the States/UTs.  As envisaged in para 4.11 of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, is to be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language. Thereafter, the home/local language shall continue to be taught as a language wherever possible. 


The NIPUN Bharat Mission of the Government of India through its Mission Implementation Guidelines suggests that teaching learning process and development of teaching learning material should be done in mother tongue. 


As per Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) 2020-21, there are 28 languages in which teaching learning is going on in grades (1-5). The languages are as follows: 


Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English, Bodo, Khasi, Garo, Mizo, French, Hmar, Karbi, Santhali, Bhodi, Purgi. 


Current Affair 2:
Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2022-2023 highlights 



The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has released the highlights of the 2022-23 Household Consumption Expenditure Survey, throwing light on private final consumption expenditure, income inequalities and other quasi-demographic indicators useful for mapping the progress of India’s economy. 

Usually done after every five years, the survey findings this time have been released after a gap of 11 years. The last such exercise was done in 2011-2012. 

The five key takeaways from the MoSPI’s report: 

Spending power nearly tripled 

According to the survey, an Indian family on average monthly spent Rs 6,521 in urban areas and Rs 3,860 in rural areas (including the imputed value of the social transfers they get for free). 

In 2011-12, the average monthly family spending was about Rs 2,630 and Rs 1,430 in urban and rural areas. Thus, the average monthly consumption expenditure has risen by 2.5 times in urban and 2.7 times in rural India. 

Rural-urban gaps are down 



Food spending comes down 

In the previous rounds of the Consumption Expenditure Surveys, spending on food used to dictate the consumption expenditure in the hinterland, but that has changed by 2022-23. Food no longer is the determinant of rural spending. 

In 2011-12, rural Indian families used to allot around 53 percent of their household expenditure on food items of which cereals alone took 10.75 percent share. However, by 2022-23, the spending on food now accounts for 46.38 percent — majorly because spending on cereals has come down to 4.9 percent. 

10x gap between rich & poor 

According to the release, the monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE) of the bottom 5 percent is Rs 2,087 in urban and Rs 1,441 rural areas. In contrast, it is Rs 20,846 in urban and Rs 10,581 in rural areas for the top 5 percent. This means that the spending gap between the richest and the poorest households is about ten times. 

South India & Northeast are top spenders 





Current Affair 3:
About Sant Ravidas 


Guru Ravidas born in the village of Seer Goverdhanpur, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India, in A.D 1450. He was one of the leading saints of Bhakti movement in India. He died in Varanasi in 1540 A.D. 

Among Ravidas’s moral and intellectual achievements were the conception of “Begampura”, a city that knows no sorrow; and a society where caste and class have ceased to matter. 

In August, 2023, 

Current Affair 4:
YUVIKA Programme of ISRO 



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