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Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2021

Jan 13, 2021

Current Affair 1:
India’s Eight Point Action Plan to UNSC to combat terrorism

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During the United National Security Council (UNSC) open debate '20 years after the adoption of resolution 1373’ on combating terrorism on a global front, India’s External Affairs Minister (EAM) Dr S Jaishankar virtually addressed the committee on Tuesday, 12 January.

In a first intervention since India joined the UNSC as a temporary member on 1 January 2021, Jaishankar put forward an eight-point action plan – as reported by ANI – as part of his zero-tolerance policy for terrorism, saying there are “no good and bad terrorists” and there should be “no ifs and buts” around terrorist activities.

Do read once all the points:

  1. “Summon the political will to combat terrorism. Nor should we allow terrorism to be justified and terrorists glorified. All member states must fulfill their obligations enshrined in international counter-terrorism instruments and conventions.”
  2. “Do not countenance double standards in this battle. Terrorists are terrorists; there are no good and bad ones. Those who propagate this distinction have an agenda. And those who cover up for them are just as culpable.”
  3. “Reform the working methods of the committees dealing with sanctions and counter-terrorism. The practice of placing blocks and holds on listing requests without any rhyme or reason must end.”
  4. “Firmly discourage exclusivist thinking that divides the world and harms our social fabric. Such approaches facilitate radicalization and recruitment by breeding fear, mistrust, and hatred among different communities. The UNSC should be on guard against new terminologies and misleading priorities that can dilute our focus.”
  5. “Enlisting and delisting individuals and entities under the UN sanctions regimes must be done objectively, not for political or religious considerations. Proposals in this regard merit due examination before circulation.”
  6. “Linkages between terrorism and transnational organised crime must be fully recognized and addressed vigorously.”
  7. “Combating terrorist financing will only be as effective as the weakest jurisdiction. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) should continue to identify and remedy weaknesses in anti-money laundering and counter-terror financing frameworks. Enhanced UN coordination with FATF can make a huge difference.”
  8. “Adequate funding to UN Counter-Terrorism bodies from the UN regular budget requires immediate attention. The forthcoming 7th review of the UN's Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy offers an important occasion to strengthen measures to prevent and combat terrorism and building capacities of member states.”

Ok, we will also see basics of UNSC:

The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.

All members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to member states, only the Security Council has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.

Membership:

The Security Council consists of ten elected members, and five permanent members--China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the Russian Federation.

The ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term year):

A State which is a Member of the United Nations but not of the Security Council may participate, without a vote, in its discussions when the Council considers that country's interests are affected. Both Members and non-members of the United Nations, if they are parties to a dispute being considered by the Council, may be invited to take part, without a vote, in the Council's discussions; the Council sets the conditions for participation by a non-member State.

Current Affair 2:
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 3.0 (2020-21)

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Introduction is very important for exam.

Under the Skill India Mission, the Government of India is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) to promote skill development in the country by providing grant-based placement linked short duration skill training since 2015-16. This programme was successfully implemented under two editions: PMKVY (1 .0) (FY2015-16) and PMKVY (2 0) (FY2016-20).

With each newer version of PMKW scheme, major changes were instituted to meet the aspiration of youth, increase the overall reach and improve the outcomes. PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) provided a larger role to the State Governments by introducing Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component under the Scheme. Placement linked short term training program was also introduced along with Training of Trainers and Aadhaar based attendance system for Trainees and Trainers. Based on the learnings of PMKVY 2.0 and to reorient the scheme lo be in sync with the present scenario of policy changes and changing priority in different sectors, demand-driven PMKW 3.0 (2020-21], has been conceptualized with the larger engagement of district authority through District Skill Committees (DSCs).

The new upgraded scheme PIVIKVY (3.0) (FY 2020-21) has been approved and shall be implemented during FY 20-21 to train 8 lakh candidates with an outlay of Rs. 948.90 Cr. Under the scheme, approximately 8 lakh candidates would be trained as follows:

The Scheme would have two components:

  1. Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  2. Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDIMS) /respective Departments of the States/UTs.

The total target of the scheme will be divided approximately in the ratio of 75:25 between Central and State Components. However, for States which have performed well and are willing to take higher targets shall be allocated a higher target under state component accordingly, assessment of their performance. The Steering Committee can reallocate the target, if the situation so warrants under CSCIM/CSSM component at any time in any appropriate ratio.

The scheme envisages working more closely with the State and District machineries through State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) and District Skill Committees (DSCs). DSCs would be playing a pivotal role under the guidance of SSDMs in PMKVY 3.0.

Do read everything we have provided. Questions are coming from middle of guidelines.

Current Affair 3:
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine

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What is human papillomavirus infection?

  1. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that’s passed between people through skin-to-skin contact.
  2. There are over 100 varieties of HPV, more than 40Trusted Source of which are passed through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth, or throat.
  3. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  4. It’s so common that most sexually active people will get some variety of it at some point, even if they have few sexual partners.
  5. Some cases of genital HPV infection may not cause any health problems. However, some types of HPV can lead to the development of genital warts and even cancers of the cervix, anus, and throat.

Current Affair 4:
Dzukou Valley wildfire

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The wildfire at Dzukou Valley straddling the Manipur-Nagaland border has been doused after it raged for two weeks

The Dzukou Valley, popularly known as the ‘valley of flower’, is located at the border of Nagaland and Manipur.

 

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