Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023

Jul 20, 2023

Current Affair 1:
Namda Art



About Art:

The Namda craft of Kashmir is being successfully revived under a Skill India’s Pilot Project as part of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), with nearly 2,200 candidates from across six districts of the state, receiving training in the dying art form.

The project sets a great example of the public-private partnership (PPP) model in the field of skill development, as it is being implemented in collaboration with local industry partners.

Under this initiative, nearly 2,200 candidates have been trained in the art of Namda craft, representing a significant milestone in preserving this traditional craft and empowering the local weavers and artisans. The project has successfully trained individuals across six districts of Kashmir, namely Srinagar, Baramulla, Ganderbal, Bandipora, Budgam, and Anantnag.

Namda craft is a rug made of sheep wool through felting technique instead of normal weaving process. There is no weaving involved in making a Namda; instead, there is a whole lot of entangling, washing, pressurising, and embroidering.

Due to low availability of raw material, lack of skilled manpower and marketing techniques, the export of this craft has declined almost 100 percent between 1998 and 2008.

Therefore, through this special project under PMKVY, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has designed short-term training curriculum to preserve this endangered craft.

About Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

Under the Skill India Mission, the Government of India is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) to promote skill development in the country by providing grant-based placement linked short duration skill training since 2015-16. This programme was successfully implemented under two editions: PMKVY (1 .0) (FY2015-16) and PMKVY (2 0) (FY2016-20).

With each newer version of PMKW scheme, major changes were instituted to meet the aspiration of youth, increase the overall reach and improve the outcomes. PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) provided a larger role to the State Governments by introducing Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component under the Scheme. Placement linked short term training program was also introduced along with Training of Trainers and Aadhaar based attendance system for Trainees and Trainers. Based on the learnings of PMKVY 2.0 and to reorient the scheme lo be in sync with the present scenario of policy changes and changing priority in different sectors, demand-driven PMKW 3.0 (2020-21], has been conceptualized with the larger engagement of district authority through District Skill Committees (DSCs).

The new upgraded scheme PIVIKVY (3.0) (FY 2020-21) has been approved and shall be implemented during FY 20-21 to train 8 lakh candidates with an outlay of Rs. 948.90 Cr. Under the scheme, approximately 8 lakh candidates would be trained as follows:

The Scheme would have two components:

  1. Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  2. Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDIMS) /respective Departments of the States/UTs.

The total target of the scheme will be divided approximately in the ratio of 75:25 between Central and State Components. However, for States which have performed well and are willing to take higher targets shall be allocated a higher target under state component accordingly, assessment of their performance. The Steering Committee can reallocate the target, if the situation so warrants under CSCIM/CSSM component at any time in any appropriate ratio.

The scheme envisages working more closely with the State and District machineries through State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) and District Skill Committees (DSCs). DSCs would be playing a pivotal role under the guidance of SSDMs in PMKVY 3.0.


Do read everything we have provided. Questions are coming from middle of guidelines.

Current Affair 2:
New Guidelines for the Designation of Senior Advocates in SC


The Supreme Court has issued fresh guidelines for the designation of senior advocates following judgment in Indira Jaising vs Supreme Court which modified the criteria for senior designation.

Current Affair 3:
TCRM Matrix Framework


Just be aware of Terminologies.

The NITI Aayog, a policy think tank of the Indian Government, recently unveiled a groundbreaking framework called the Techno-Commercial Readiness and Market Maturity Matrix (TCRM Matrix). This framework aims to transform technology assessment and stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship across the country.

Each of the Technology readiness level (TRL), Commercialization readiness level (CRL), and Market readiness level (MRL) systems, have certain limitations which are:

Keeping in mind the above, we find that the TRL, CRL, and MRL frameworks, despite their limitations as linear progression models, serve as the best building blocks for the joint assessment framework.

The Techno-Commercial Readiness and Market Maturity Matrix (TCRM Matrix) framework has been constructed as a joint assessment framework on the basis of existing TRL, CRL, and MRL frameworks.

By combining the core principles of existing frameworks, such as the Technology Readiness Level (TRL), Commercialization Readiness Level (CRL), and Market Readiness Level (MRL) scales, it offers stakeholders an integrated assessment model. This model provides in-depth insights and actionable intelligence at every stage of the technology development cycle.

Current Affair 4:
NIF-India and Indian Genomix collaborate to scale up eco-friendly herbal tech



NIF-India and Indian Genomix collaborate to scale up eco-friendly herbal tech for controlling Mastitis in dairy animals and improving broiler chick growth.

The National Innovation Foundation recently entered into a Technology Transfer arrangement for these indigenous technologies with Indian Genomix which has W.H.O.G.M.P. certification ensuring quality assurance for medicinal products.

  1. Mastitis is an ailment causing huge losses to dairy farmers. The ailment is primarily caused by bacteria which need to be diagnosed and treated at the earliest. Indian farming system faces challenges in early diagnosis, availability of onsite treatment, and drug resistance. Further, lack of effective technology in field situation calls for alternative technologies. This indigenous herbal formulation was found to control major causative bacterial organisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  2. Similarly, in Broiler industry, birds are fed with nutrients for meeting enhanced metabolic rates thereby optimum growth performance in less period of time. This causes huge stress on metabolism of broilers and they need supplements to minimize health risks and enhance feed conversion ratio.

A study conducted by NIF found that an outstanding indigenous herbal supplement had a positive influence on growth performance of broiler chicks. The supplementation indicated better nutrient absorption properties.

We will also see W.H.O.G.M.P. certification.

Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP, also referred to as 'cGMP' or 'current Good Manufacturing Practice') is the aspect of quality assurance that ensures that medicinal products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards appropriate to their intended use and as required by the product specification.

GMP defines quality measures for both production and quality control and defines general measures to ensure that processes necessary for production and testing are clearly defined, validated, reviewed, and documented, and that the personnel, premises and materials are suitable for the production of pharmaceuticals and biologicals including vaccines.

The first WHO draft text on GMP was adopted in 1968. In 1969, when the World Health Assembly recommended the first version of the WHO Certification Scheme on the quality of pharmaceutical products moving in the global market, it accepted the WHO GMP as an integral part of the Scheme.

More than 100 countries have incorporated the WHO GMP provisions into their national medicines laws, and many more countries have adopted its provisions and approach in defining their own national GMP requirements. The WHO GMP continues to be used as a basis for the WHO Certification Scheme and prequalification of vaccines for procurement by UN agencies.

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